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Flooring properties

Definition of Hardness

Hardness is the ability of a flooring material to resist scratches, dents, and deformation. It determines the durability and longevity of a flooring material.

Hardness can be measured using the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, which ranges from 1 to 10. According to the Mohs scale, materials with a Mohs hardness of 1 are the softest, while those with hardness of 10 are the hardest.

Hardwood floors have an average Mohs hardness level of 4–5, making it more resistant to damage and best for areas with high foot traffic. Vinyl and carpet, on the other hand,  are softer and more susceptible to damage, giving them a Mohs hardness scale of 2–3.

Example of Hardness in a Sentence

“The hardness of your floor covering inevitably determines how long your floors will serve you.”


  • Firmness
  • Solidity 

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